The Machinery Directive
Definition of Machinery Directive
The Machinery Directive 2006/42/EC is the European legislative act that provides the regulatory basis for the harmonisation of the essential health and safety requirements (EHSRs) for machinery at European Union level. As well as promoting the free movement of machinery within the Single Market, the Machinery Directive also guarantees a high level of protection to EU workers and citizens. Member States are obliged to adapt their laws to meet the goals of the Directive; in the UK the Machinery Directive 2006/42/EC and the amending directive 2009/127/EC are implemented with Statutory Instruments 2008/1597The Supply of Machinery (Safety) Regulations 2008 and 2011/2157 The Supply of Machinery (Safety) (Amendment) Regulations 2011.
Definition of Harmonised Standard
A Harmonised Standard is a European Standard that has been developed by one of the European Standards Organisations (ESOs) - ie CEN, CENELEC or ETSI - in response to a 'standardisation mandate' issued by the European Commission. Harmonised Standards support European legislation in helping the implementation of the European Commission directives, particularly the New Approach directives. Lists of Harmonised Standards supporting EU Directives and Regulations are available on the European Commission website. It is not obligatory to comply with Harmonised Standards, but doing so provides a presumption of conformity with the essential requirements of the relevant directive.
A Transposed Harmonised Standard is a national standard of an EU Member State that transposes a Harmonised Standard; for example, if EN ISO 12100:2010 is the Harmonised Standard, BS EN ISO 12100:2010 is
The latest list of Machinery Directive Harmonised Standards was published in the Official Journal of the European Union (OJ) on 9 March 2018 (reference 2018/C 092/01). These Harmonised standards provide a presumption of conformity with the essential health and safety requirements (EHSRs) of the Machinery Directive 2006/42/EC (see below for definitions of Harmonised Standard and Machinery Directive). This new complete list of standards harmonised to the Machinery Directive can be downloaded from the European Commission website (2.1MB PDF, English language) and it supersedes all previous versions. The standards are categorised as A-type standards, B-type standards (but not B1 and B2 types) and C-type standards, with an explanation provided for each type.
Although the latest list contains only a relatively small number of new, updated and amended standards, there are some important changes and it should be noted that the dates of supersession of a presumption of conformity for the standards being replaced are, in some cases, very soon.